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What is Leadership and Types of Leadership

What is Leadership and Types of Leadership

Did you know that there are different types of leaders? Also, since there are different personalities, there are a variety of leaders. A Leader It is one who is capable of motivating people to achieve a common goal. The type of leader in a team or company depends on their environment and position. Read on to find out what kind of leader are you and what kind of leader is your director or manager.

Boss vs Leader

Often times, the terms boss and leader are confused as if they were the same, but they are not. A boss is a person who possesses power and uses it to demand authority.

If we follow the traditional mentality of a company, a boss is seen as the person who imposes the rules and tasks to meet the objectives regardless of the methods used or the participation of his team. On the contrary, the leader is one who directs a work team using motivation, constructive criticism, empathy and active listening.

How to differentiate Boss vs Leader?

These are some phrases and actions that differentiate them:

The boss says: “I command here” and the leader: “I can be clever here.”
The boss dictates, the leader inspires.
The boss is feared and the leader is respected.
The boss wants obedience and the leader wants motivation.
The boss gives orders and the leader is pedagogical.
The boss looks for culprits and the leader looks for solutions.

Types of leadership

Now that you know the difference between a boss and a leader, it’s time to identify the variety of leadership. It is important to remember according to the characteristics of each team is the type of leader that is sought, so the skills of a leader can vary.

All people can become leaders with practice and determination. Discover which leadership dominates in you so that you develop and train the skills adapting them to you.

Next, we present the different types of leadership.

1. Authoritarian leader

The authoritarian leader is the type of leader who relies on rewards and punishments to gain authority. Assumes responsibility for decision-making, controls, directs and motivates.

Their skills are:

– Organizational
– Efficient
– Get short-term results
– Supervise workers
– Does not empathize
– They obtain less long-term results since, after a few months, it destroys motivation.
– Suitable for use in critical situations.
– They do not take into account other points of view.

2. Democratic leader

This type of leadership takes into consideration the participation and opinion of the work team. The democratic leader promotes communication and transparency for all and motivates his colleagues.

The characteristics of the democratic leader are:

– Motivator
– Delegate tasks effectively
– Ability to listen actively
– Encourage participation
– The process is usually slow.
– Difficulty for members who do not collaborate.
– It is proactive.

3. Leader helmsman

A helmsman leader’s way of leading is by setting a course and monitoring until it is accomplished. Members get the leader’s effectiveness and productivity through imitation. They do what he does to get results.

In his way of leading, there are qualities such as:

– Goal oriented
– Strategic
– Quickness in achieving the objectives
– Great knowledge to serve as a model
– It can cause stress due to the supervision of the leader.
– It is used in specific situations.

4. Coach leader

The coach leader is one who uses coaching techniques to perfect his team. He directs his team to question everything and personal and professional development each.

Characteristics of the coach leader:

– Inspiring
– Encourages team self-management
– Recognize the team
– Capacity for empathic listening
– Encourages creativity and growth
– Stimulates emotional intelligence

5. Visionary leader

The visionary leader is capable of pushing masses through his enthusiasm for a great idea. Align the needs of the company while develop their full potential from each person.

Visionary Leader Skills:

– Spread your enthusiasm
– Charisma
– Motivation
– Think big
– Ignore daily or small difficulties
– Take risks
– Determination

6. Affiliative leader

The slogan of this type of leadership is “people first”, therefore, they think of their team when they lead it. Their opinions and judgments are taken into account. The results are excellent, since the motivation is never lacking for the strong emotional bond you create with team members.

These are some of the affiliative leader competencies:

– Concerned about the needs of others
– Active listening
– empathy
– Optimism
– Intimate and friendly treatment
– Motivation
– Create a positive work environment
– It is flexible
– It is difficult for him to achieve goals to avoid pressure and stress
– It is not results oriented

7. Delegative leader

Also known as a “laissez-faire” leader, which means letting go, it is a type of leadership in which the leader grants total freedom to the team. Each employee knows their responsibilities and is allowed to do them in their own way. The leader only intervenes when necessary.

The delegative leader possesses the following skills:
– Passives
– Permissive attitude
– Encourages creativity
– Independent


For a leader to be effective, he must adapt to the environment, team and company. The types of leadership mentioned above can be used according to each situation. For this reason, an ideal leader will be one who gathers skills from the seven types of leadership and can adapt to different scenarios with different teams and objectives. Analyze and discover which of all the leaderships is the style that best suits your personality and reinforces the others. In this way, you will be able to occupy management positions and become a great leader.


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